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Where did the game of Chess originate from?

There were no exact record on where  and when the game of chess was first played. Historians assumed that the game most likely originated in ancient India, where it was called chaturanga. This word refers to the four members of an Indian army: the foot soldier, the elephant, the chariot, and the horse.

The game was brought to neighboring Persia in the 6th or 7th century, where its name became shatranj.

From there it spread to the Arab lands, then moved into Europe sometime around the 10th century.

The word "chess' was derived from either shatranj, or from the Persian shah, which means "king." "Checkmate" comes from the Persian phrase shat mat, which translates to "the king is dead."

The elephant of the Persian game became our bishop. The queen was originally called a "general." And the name of the rook ( the "castle") comes from a Persian word that means "soldier."

The longest chess match of all time lasted for more than 20 hours and took 269 moves. It was between between Ivan Nicolic and Goran Arsovic and took place in Belgrade in 1989.  After nearly a day of play, only five pieces remained on the board. Nicolic had his king, a bishop, and a rook, while Arsovic had only his King and a rook. But after over a hundred moves with no change, the match was finally declared a draw.

Because of this very long match, the World Chess Federation was prompetd to institute the "50 move rule," which states that a game can be declared a draw as soon as each player has made 50 moves without capturing one of his opponent’s pieces. This means that the record set in Nicolic vs. Arsovic is unlikely to ever be broken.

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