The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, formerly known as Abyssinia is said to be the oldest nation in history. It is said to be the only nation that can trace its independence back to before the time of Christ. In fact, Ethiopia is one of the oldest sites of human existence known to scientists today, having yielded some of humanity’s oldest traces.
Ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history, and the Ethiopian dynasty traces its roots to the 2nd century BC. The rulers of Ethiopia have claimed descent from the biblical King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, who, according to legend, was actually the ruler of Ethiopia.